A roofing is part of a building envelope. It is the covering on the uppermost part of a building or shelter which provides protection from animals and weather, notably rain or snow, but also heat, wind and sunlight. The word also denotes the framing or structure which supports that covering.

The characteristics of a roof are dependent upon the purpose of the building that it covers, the available roofing materials and the local traditions of construction and wider concepts of architectural design and practice and may also be governed by local or national legislation. In most countries a roof protects primarily against rain. A veranda may be roofed with material that protects against sunlight but admits the other elements. The roof of a garden conservatory protects plants from cold, wind, and rain, but admits light.

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Tiled roof


Terracotta tiles

Gable Roof

Flat Roof

Winged Gable Roof

Thatch, using rice straw

Banana leaves

Metal sheeting

Stone used as roofing material

Turf roof

repairing thatch, Gassho-zukuri farmhouse